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San Diego Criminal Law Center was created to provide useful information for anyone charged with a crime in San Diego and throughout the state of California. Author and attorney Vikas Bajaj has over 16 years of criminal defense experience. If you have been charged with a crime or under investigation, read our articles for useful info that may help you during this difficult time.

Earlier this week, a 32-year-old San Diego school teacher was arrested after police learned that he might have sexually abused several young teens. None of the alleged victims are believed to have been his students. None of the alleged abuse is believed to have taken place at the Escondido school where he worked. He is currently being held at a Vista detention center on four charges of lewd act with a minor.

Understanding California’s Child Molestation Law

It’s a crime for an adult to engage in sexual conduct with any child under the age of 18. This is true even if the child welcomes or willingly participates in the sexual activity. Why? Children do not have the ability to consent. Without consent, any sexual contact with another person is a crime.

The most commonly charged child sexual abuse crime in California is lewd acts with a child, also known as child molestation. The law applies to sexual contact with children under the age of 16. Under California Penal Code 288 PC, it is illegal for any person to:

  • Touch a child for a sexual purpose, or
  • Cause a child to touch themselves or another person for a sexual purpose.

In other words, it’s a crime to touch or have a child touch you for the purpose of becoming sexually aroused. The sexual contact does not have to involve genitals or locations on the body that are traditionally associated with arousal. Any contact with a child – including contact over clothing – that is intended to illicit sexual gratification or arousal, is a violation of 288 PC.

You don’t have to intend to arouse or sexually satisfy yourself. 288 PC also prohibits contact that is intended to arouse or gratify the child involved in the sexual act.

Penalties for Lewd Acts With a Minor

In California, child molestation under 288 PC is typically a felony offense. The range of penalties that can apply to a conviction for lewd acts ultimately depends on:

  • The child’s age
  • The defendant’s age
  • The relationship between the child and the defendant
  • Whether the defendant used force or fear, and
  • Bodily injury, if any, suffered by the child.

The 32-year-old Escondido schoolteacher is accused of having engaged in sexual contact with several young teenagers between the ages of 14 and 15. This crime would be tried as a violation of Penal Code 288(c)(1) PC – sexual contact with a 14 or 15-year-old child where the defendant is at least 10 years older. Crimes tried under 288(c)(1) PC are considered to be public offenses, and can be punishable as misdemeanors or felonies.

If the schoolteacher is convicted, his criminal sentence could include:

  • A maximum of 3 years in a California state prison and $10,000 in fines, OR
  • Up to 12 months in a San Diego County Jail and $1,000 in fines.

A conviction for lewd acts with a child can also have devastating collateral consequences, indulging the loss of professional licenses, possible deportation, and the loss of gun-related rights.

Mandatory Sex Offender Registration Requirements

A person convicted of lewd acts with a child under 288 PC will be required to register as a sex offender in the state of California. The state is currently getting ready to implement its new three-tiered registry system.

Beginning in 2021, a first-time conviction for lewd acts with a minor will be a Tier 2 offense. Tier 2 offenders must stay on the sex offender registry for a minimum of 20 years.

Subsequent convictions for lewd acts with a minor will require lifetime registration as a sex offender in the state.

Defending Charges of Lewd Acts With a Child

Anyone charged with a sex crime involving a child should speak with an experienced attorney as soon as possible. A strong defense can be the difference between a conviction and an acquittal or dropped charges. Many defenses can be argued if you’ve been accused of engaging in lewd acts with a child, including:

  • No intent to sexually arouse or gratify
  • Contact was unintentional, or
  • False accusations.

An attorney will know which defense(s) are best suited for a specific case. Call our San Diego criminal defense attorneys for immediate assistance with your criminal case today.

Months after a raid on his home, a popular professional skateboarder from San Diego is facing federal criminal drug charges. According to reports, police officers discovered a pound of methamphetamine, heroin, marijuana, mushrooms, hundreds of Xanax pills, and various distribution supplies in Rob Lorifice’s Encinitas home. Lorifice was home at the time of the raid and allegedly tried to flush some of the stash down the toilet before it could be discovered by police. He was arrested and charged with possession of methamphetamine with intent to distribute.

Why Was Lorifice Charged With a Federal Crime?

Both California state and the federal government have laws on the books criminalizing various drug-related activities. Possession of methamphetamine with the intent to distribute is a crime under both state and federal law. However, Lorifice has only been charged with a violation of federal drug laws. Why wasn’t he charged with a violation of California state law?

Whether you face federal or state charges often boils down to the specific details and circumstances of your crime. The state will typically have jurisdiction for crimes that are committed entirely within the state’s borders. Drug crimes that are typically charged as violations fo state law include simple possession and relatively-minor distribution schemes.

The federal government will typically have jurisdiction for crimes that are intricate and widespread. Large-scale drug distribution operations, much like the one Lorifice is accused of running, often involve activity in multiple states. For example, it’s common for distribution rings to involve trafficking or moving drugs across state lines and using federal banking institutions to transfer and mask cash transactions.

Lorifice is likely charged with federal drug crimes because of the scale of his operation. If he were only found in possession of a small amount of one type of drug, it’s quite possible that the federal government would step aside and let the state of California handle the charges.

How Do Prosecutors Prove Possession With Intent to Distribute?

It’s a crime to possess any controlled substance without a lawful purpose. The penalties for crimes of simple possession can be quite severe. When a person possesses more of a drug than would be reasonable for personal use, they can face enhanced criminal charges for possession with intent to distribute. The penalties for possession with intent to distribute are much more severe than those for simple possession.

How does the government prove that you possessed drugs with the intent to sell or distribute? Most possession with intent to sell cases rely heavily on circumstantial evidence. A prosecutor’s primary goal is to persuade a judge or jury that it would be reasonable to believe that you intended to sell the drugs you possessed.

So, in truth, the government doesn’t have to prove that you had the intent to sell. Instead, it simply has to make a strong argument that it’s reasonable to believe you had the intent to sell.

The following factors and evidence may be used to create a presumption that you intended to sell the drugs in your possession:

  • The quantity of the drugs in your possession
  • The type of drugs in your possession
  • The presence or absence of drug paraphernalia
  • The presence of scales, packaging materials, baggies, and other tools commonly used in distribution schemes, and
  • Large quantities of cash on hand.

When officers raided Lorifice’s San Diego home, he was found in possession of large quantities of several types of drugs, a digital scale, packaging materials, and more than $16,000 in cash. When considered as a whole, it’s reasonable to believe that he didn’t intend to consume the drugs himself. Federal prosecutors will rely heavily on this evidence throughout the criminal case against the skateboarder.

Penalties for Possession of Methamphetamine With Intent to Sell

Possession of methamphetamine with intent to distribute is a violation of California state and federal law. The penalties for federal crimes tend to be more severe than those for state crimes. Specific penalties will depend on the quantity of the drug involved in the offense.

Officers found 193 grams of methamphetamine in Lorifice’s home during the raid. According to federal sentencing guidelines, possessing 50 grams or more of methamphetamine is punishable by between 10 years and life in prison.

Federal drug crimes are also punishable by substantial fines and/or probation.


Are you facing federal criminal drug charges? You need to speak with an attorney immediately. Contact the experienced legal team at the San Diego Criminal Law Center today. We will carefully review your case and help you fight to protect your future. Your first consultation is free, so call now.

A Mercedes-Benz was stolen from outside a 99 Cent Store in Escondido earlier this week. A 6-month-old infant was sleeping in the back of the vehicle at the time. The vehicle’s owner, who had left the keys in the ignition while she ran inside the store, immediately called the police when she learned that her car and child had been taken. A short time later, police officers discovered the abandoned vehicle with the child safely inside about two miles from the store.

What Charges Can You Face For Stealing a Car?

According to reports, a police investigation led officers to 31-year-old Anthony Guerrero. Guerrero, who was on parole for a felony offense, was arrested and charged with felony vehicle theft and felony possession of a stolen vehicle. He was also charged with violating the conditions of his parole.

Grand Theft Auto

Theft is the crime of taking property that doesn’t belong to you without the owner’s consent. When the value of the stolen property exceeds $950, you can face criminal charges for grand theft under Penal Code 487 PC. When a car is involved, the crime is known as grand theft auto. Grand theft auto, as defined in Penal Code 487(d)(1) PC, doesn’t actually require the value of the stolen car to exceed $950. Anytime you steal a motor vehicle you can face criminal charges for grand theft auto.

What does the state have to prove when you’re charged with grand theft auto? Prosecutors have the burden of showing:

  1. You took a motor vehicle that belonged to another person
  2. You did not have consent to take the vehicle
  3. You intended to take the vehicle permanently or for long enough to deprive the owner of its value; and
  4. You moved the car at least a short distance.

Simply put, grand theft auto is the crime of stealing a car with the intent to deprive the owner of its value for a significant period of time or permanently. You can be charged with joyriding, a different crime if you steal a car for a short period of time with the intent to return it.

Penalty: Grand theft auto can be charged as a misdemeanor or a felony in San Diego. The specific charges you’ll face will depend on your criminal record, the value of the stolen vehicle, and other factors relevant to your case.

As a felony, grand theft auto is punishable by $10,000 in fines, up to 3 years in a California state prison, and/or felony probation.


It’s a crime to take another person’s car without their permission. If you intend to take it permanently or for a significant amount of time, you can face charges for grand theft auto. However, you’re more likely to face charges for joyriding if you steal a vehicle for a relatively short period of time. Joyriding, also known as driving or taking a vehicle without the owner’s consent, is defined in Vehicle Code 10581 VC. You can be charged with joyriding if you:

  • Drive or take a vehicle that belongs to someone else
  • With the intent to permanently or temporarily deprive the owner of possession,
  • With or without intent to steal the vehicle.

Even taking a vehicle for a very short period of time, even 5 or 10 minutes, could result in criminal charges.

Penalty: Joyriding can be a misdemeanor or a felony in California. As a misdemeanor, penalties can include $5,000 in fines and/or 12 months in a San Diego County jail. As a felony, joyriding is punishable by up to 3 years in a California state prison. Penalties can be enhanced if you steal a government vehicle or have prior joyriding or grand theft convictions.

Charges and Sentencing Will Hinge on Facts of Your Case

Many crimes – including grand theft auto and joyriding – are classified as wobblers. A wobbler can be charged as a misdemeanor or a felony. The charges and sentences a defendant is likely to face will ultimately depend on factors that are relevant to that specific case.

You’re more likely to face felony charges if:

  • You have prior convictions for similar crimes
  • You have a history of criminal behavior
  • Your crime involves a significant amount of money or high-valued assets
  • Bystanders or victims suffer bodily harm, and
  • Children are affected by your behavior.

These are known as aggravating factors. The more aggravating factors in your case, the more severe the charges and the harsher the penalties.

In this case, the 31-year-old stole an expensive car that happened to have a 6-month-old sleeping in the back seat. Even if he didn’t have prior convictions or wasn’t out on parole, this is likely enough to warrant felony charges. At the very least, this will be considered when determining the man’s criminal sentence if he is convicted.


Have you or someone you love been arrested for a crime in San Diego? Contact our experienced criminal defense lawyers for immediate assistance. We offer a free consultation, so don’t hesitate to call for help today.